Monday, August 19, 2019

The Most Common Types of Leukemia in Adults Essay -- health, diseases

In the United States, there was an estimated 310,046 people are living with or are in remission from Leukemia according to statistics gathered in 2013. Incidence rates for all types of leukemia developing in males are higher than in females; males are expected to account for approximately 57 percent of the new cases of leukemia. In all races or ethnicities, it is the tenth most frequently occurring type of cancer. However, incidence is highest among non-Hispanic whites, (13,600) while incidence is lowest among Asian and Pacific Islander populations (7,400) and American Indian and Alaska Native populations (7,300). In 2013, leukemia was diagnosed in approximately twelve times as many adults (43,749) as children and adolescents younger than 15 years (3,605). The median age at diagnosis is sixty-six years old and the median for death caused by the disease is seventy-five years old. The most common types of leukemia in adults are Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) and Chronic Lymphocytic Leuke mia (ACL). The most common type of leukemia in children and adolescents younger than 20 years is Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL). In 2010, ALL was accountable for 74 percent of the new leukemia cases in children and adolescents younger than 20 years. Most cases of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) occur in adults. In 2010, CML was accountable for about 3.3 percent of new cases of leukemia in children and adolescents younger than twenty years. Almost two percent of all cases of CML are in adolescents, ages 15 to 19 years. There was a notable improvement in survival from 1975 to 2008. Divided into five year periods, there was only a 34% survival rate from 1975 to 1977 but the survival rate rose to 58% from 2002 to 2008, the difference being statistical... ...Finke, J., †¦ Rocha, V. (2012). Bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation from unrelated donors in adult patients with acute myeloid leukaemia, an Acute Leukaemia Working Party analysis in 2262 patients. Journal of Internal Medicine, 272, 472–83. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2796.2012.02547.x Siegel, R., Naishadham, D., & Jemal, A. (2013). Cancer Statistics, 2013. CA Cancer J Clin, 63, 11–30. doi:10.3322/caac.21166. Wang, J. C. Y., & Dick, J. E. (2005). Cancer stem cells: lessons from leukemia. Trends in Cell Biology, 15, 494–501. doi:10.1016/j.tcb.2005.07.004 Weber, C. (2013). Leukaemia: how can stem cells help? EuroStemCell. Retrieved February 14, 2014, from Wu, L. (2012). Leukemias. Medscape. Retrieved February 14, 2014, from

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